The recent unveiling of Buell's all-new liquid-cooled V-Twin superbike sneaked up on most everyone, but the cry for such a machine from Buell has been in the wind for years.
"If only it had a modern, liquid-cooled engine," was often the plea of so many who would characterize their thoughts on Buells as, "I wanna like you, buuut..."
Has a partnership with BRP-Rotax given Buell lovers and those vacillating on a purchase what they've clamored for?
As fate would have it, in the matter of one phone call I went from pondering the above question like everyone else to seizing the opportunity to attend the 1125R intro. The much-chronicled roads surrounding Monterey, CA, would serve as real-world proving grounds, and Laguna Seca, home of the U.S. MotoGP would be the race track du jour.
The 2008 Buell 1125R: America's first large-scale production superbike?
Analog tachometer is easy to see at a glance, but the remaining LCD part of instrument cluster can be difficult to read in daylight due to thin LCD character display.
So why choose 1,125 cubic centimeters resulting from the oversquare 103mm x 67.5mm bore and stroke? According to Buell, these dimensions produce the best marriage of broad, available torque and horsepower. Compression ratio is 12.3 :1.
Equally as uncommon today is the 72-degree angle. Abe Askenazi, Director of Analysis, Test and Engineering Process, stated that Buell is aware that a 90-degree Vee has better primary balance, but 72-degrees proved ideal for the best gas flow path as well as being a more compact design. Engine vibes were anticipated, so three balancers were employed (two to cancel primary rotating imbalance, the third canceling out rocking couple).
Not all the buzz has been eliminated, as you would expect from a rigid-mounted engine serving as a stressed member of the chassis. The remaining vibes are palatable, never really impacting comfort or performance. Coincidentally, the tach needle does suffer in an amusing manner. As it reaches the upper rpm range, it appears to be resonating at such a rate that it "grows," blurring your reading over roughly a 500 rpm span. Not a problem, really, just kind of funny.
Since this engine is a clean-sheet design, it has some unique features. For example, the process of opening and closing the 41.3mm intake and 35mm exhaust valves. A self-adjusting cam chain drive and gear operates the intake cam that in turn meshes with a gear on the exhaust cam. Finger followers (more often found in automotive use, especially with Less bits mean less material to spin around which, in turn, should equate to a faster motor.variable valve actuation systems) are used instead of more traditional tappets. Acting directly on shims over the valve, the follower's linear movement eliminates the need for buckets. Less bits mean less material to spin around which, in turn, should equate to a faster motor.
But it doesn't end there. Are you a do-it-yourselfer? Buell hasn't forgotten about you. After rotating the engine forward a bit you can remove the magnesium valve cover and access a simple plastic clip that retains the finger followers. Slide the followers to the center and you're grabbing at those V-Rod spec shims in no time, about every 12,400 miles. This is, of course, an abbreviated version of the work involved, but as someone who has done countless valve adjustments I can really appreciate this.
Capitalizing on the unused resource of vacuum in the manifold generated by the massive 61mm throttle bodies, Buell came up with its version of a back-torque-limiting clutch, similar again to the Aprilias. Just inside the outer clutch cover you'll find the usual hydraulic slave cylinder and a big diaphragm. A simple tube or hose connects the manifold to the outer cover. Separated from the clutch that's thrashing around in oil that could potentially ruin sealing, the diaphragm gets pulled outward against the clutch-release mechanism when the throttle is fully closed, or roughly three percent open. This creates enough vacuum to relieve pressure on the clutch to keep it from fully compressing. Any greater throttle openings create low vacuum and the clutch stays tightly clamped.
Looking at the clutch cut away you can see the diaphragm (looks like a big, black gasket) that pulls outward when manifold vacuum is right, giving slipper clutch action.
Here's a good view of the cam chain/gear driven cam shafts. On the other side of cam chain sprocket is the intake cam and gear (you can just see it on the opposing cylinder cut away view). The intake gear meshes with a gear on the exhaust cam, seen to the right of the cam chain and sprocket.
The end result is a very light pull (when the engine is running, of course, otherwise there's no vacuum) at the adjustable hydraulic lever and smooth, trouble-free, shifting in the Japanese-quality six-speed tranny.
Rapid downshifting for quicker corner entry speeds without fear of the rear tire hopping on the tarmac is another benefit of slipper-type clutches. The Buell system works quite well. However, I was able to get the rear to dig in a little, protesting with a little squirm and slide after stepping down one gear to many. But it was over in a heartbeat and completely manageable.
There's no black gold in this Buell swingarm. Note the visual absence of the rear brake caliper.
With a claimed 146 ponies and a class-competitive dry weight of 375 lbs., there was a whole lot of this goin' on.
When the correct preload setting on the forks was dialed front-end feedback was good and the chassis was unflappable.
A large 12-liter airbox extends a long snorkel out into the high pressure area that is between the fork legs to pressurize the airbox at high speeds.
Air that's able to sneak past the hungry hippo airbox either gets whisked over the rider via bodywork that underwent extensive wind tunnel testing, or it blows across twin side-mount radiators. Cool air that flows over the radiators passes through either a channel between the engine and frame exiting near the rear of the bike, or down to the rider's tootsies. You can say that again. More than one of us got a hot foot on the shift side. None of us could pin down whether the heat was radiating off the warm-running engine or if it came from the "air flow" or exhaust.
Two rather bulbous pieces of bodywork, one on each side and just below the upper fairing, do double duty as radiator air scoops and frame protectors. If you know newer Buells you know that they have a puck on the out most location of the frame spar acting as crash protectors. When the designers and engineers created the radiator cowling on the 1125R, they knew they had some cosmetic liability to deal with, so they just made them able to absorb a tipover or crash.
Because of their shape and an opposing metal strip behind the outer cowling, the whole thing acts like a leaf spring to soak up the blows. Best of all, the outer color-molded piece that usually gets the raw end of the deal is cheap to replace, according to Buell tech staff. Before the week was out, this would get tested. Those odd-looking radiator covers performed well, keeping any victim bikes off the bench and in the game. (Yippe! Yippe! It wasn't Pete! –Ed.)
Early figures from Buell had 146 hp coming on at 9800 rpm with 82 ft.-lbs of torque peaking at 8000 rpm. Seems that it'll probably take an unbiased dyno run or three to get the truth out of the Helicon engine as press materials indicated 146 hp without ram air at 10,500 rpm, torque claims remaining unchanged. Still another figure of peak power at 10,200 rpm was reported to Motorcycle.com by Tony Stefanelli, Platform Engineering Director for Buell. Turns out that the 10,500 rpm mark is more accurately described as redline. Three-hundred rpm aside, what really matters is how accessible power is in this Austrian-influenced mill.
From my seat-o'-the-pants dynamometer, the lion's share of the torque is available as early as 3500 rpm. Power builds rapidly in a most linear manner with a perceptible boost at somewhere between 6500 to 7000 rpm.
Nuances about where peak power resides matter little because this much is true: power is available instantly and seamlessly all the way to that 10,500-rpm redline. But there's never a sensation of seemingly uncontrollable acceleration as with, say, some of the current supersports or superbikes. You know the type. One minute you're feeling like a star then peak power hits in the stratosphere. It's only after you've parked for the day that you notice that the hands on your watch stopped at precisely the moment you tapped into that peaky inline-Four power pack. Nope, none of that happens on the 1125R. Just linear, manageable fun.
The radiator cowlings are sure to create division among the love it/hate it crowd. One thing is certain though, they work well as crash protectors. But don't expect Pete to tell you from first hand experience. He stayed upright all day, 'cause Duke said so!
A linkage-less Showa shock with a nine-position preload is adjustable for compression and rebound damping. It worked perfectly for anything I was able to throw at it. Up front are possibly the beefiest forks I've ridden to date. Forty-seven millimeter Showa forks with adjustable compression, damping and preload worked brilliantly... once I got on the right bike, that is. It seems that Buell is still sorting out a few issues (more on that later) on what they call "production intent" with respect to the fork spring rate. The direction they hope to head for the final product is a .95 kg/mm spring, but many of the bikes being ridden had a firmer 1.0 spring up front.
After hopping between the heavier and lighter spring bikes (when one was available), it wasn't until the final two sessions of track time that I was finally comfortable with preload settings. But those were my two best sessions. I was able to rush up on the corner, flip it in, shove on the bar with abandon and dig in my knee. The front never budged, giving great feedback from the excellent Pirelli Diablo Corsa IIIs.
With a very strong engine, friendly ride position and a number of thoughtful innovations, the 1125R should take a bite out of the liquid-cooled V-Twin superbike market.
The test bike I was on for the street ride offered a plush ride without compromising with a mushy front end. Unfortunately, when the pace was kicked up a notch, the heavier-rated front end provided a disconcerting experience of skittering over choppy pavement, leaving me to lean heavily on the pseudo fuel tank in order to keep the front stuck to the pavement.
Speaking of leaning on the tank, even with a claimed 54-percent weight bias, keeping the front down at times was a chore. A fun chore, mind you, but something to be conscious of nonetheless. With a relaxed-for-a-Buell 54.6-inch wheelbase, a 21-degree steering angle and 3.3 inches of trail, the 1125R shook its head more than once. Not so much because of treacherous geometry, but the darn thing just wants to reach for the sky when you're heavy handed on the throttle. In my opinion the 1125R would benefit from a steering damper. Especially since it can accommodate one from the XBRR racing kit. The reality is that many similarly priced Japanese literbikes have dampers as standard equipment.
No matter, though, because it could all be reeled in by the single, big hoop 375mm perimeter-mounted front rotor/caliper combo. Snatched right from the XBRR, the eight-piston ZTL² brake is among the best available. Similar to the ZTL found on other Buells, this system has a number of advantages inherent in its design. For one, braking forces go straight to the rim, thereby removing most of the torsional load on the rest of the wheel. Hence the "Zero" in Zero Torsional Load (ZTL and ZTL²). Subsequently, a lighter wheel can be used, with lighter steering as the benefit. I can only hope other makes will grasp this concept, soon.
A final ode to innovation on the 1125R is the rear brake. In order to walk the line of less unsprung weight, the rear caliper is mounted directly to the backside of the swingarm. In profile, all you can see is the 240mm rear rotor. Again, service techs were championed by someone inside the 1125R design team. A series of evenly-spaced large holes in the rotor grant access to caliper mount bolts without removing the wheel. Too bad they couldn't make the brake perform any better. Like most Buells I've ridden, the rear brake lacked feel and required an unusual amount of effort to brake effectively.
Sounds mostly like a glowing review of a brand new bike, right? Certainly a few hiccups surfaced, but we were admonished to mention that the bikes were all pre-production models. The stumble and surge in the fueling that seemed worst while trolling at low revs is a known issue. Likewise, the final spring rate for the shock is undetermined as of yet. Also, the ambient air temp display isn't so ambient. In production, the plan is to move the sensor closer to the front of the bike and have the ECU freeze the reading as it feels the bike begin to slow or stop so as to better reflect ambient air.
Other electric gremlins included a fuel light that appeared to come on early. It also appeared at the time that no safety cut-out switch existed for a deployed kickstand when the bike is put in gear.
Since the bikes were built under severe time constraints, we're willing to give Buell the benefit of the doubt when they say that all issues that continue to be in the final calibration process will be completed by the time the $11,995 American superbike hits dealers in late '07.
Claimed dry weight on the 1125R is 375 pounds. Buell measures the 421-pound wet weight as "wet minus fuel" because the 5.6 gallon fuel capacity is the largest in its class. Measuring with fuel would make it seem disproportionately heavy. The 421 is allegedly one pound lighter than the Ducati 1098.
'07 GSX-R1000 dry = 379 lbs. $11,399;
'07 Aprilia Tuono 1000R dry = 407 lbs. $12,999;
'08 Ducati 1098 dry = 381 lbs. $15,995;
'06 Honda RC51 (still listed on Honda website as an available model) dry = 439 lbs. $11,999 (Zoinks!)
Is this the Buell we've all been waiting for? Paul James, Director of Product Communications, told Motorcycle.com that, "We think this bike will bring customers over the threshold of a Harley/Buell dealer who normally wouldn't do such a thing."
Nearly two hundred miles on the street and a day at Laguna Seca gave me plenty of time to determine that Buell has truly upped its game and has a very real chance of making some serious trouble for other V-Twin sportbikes of similar displacement available today. And it appears they'll do it for about the same cost as most, and thousands less in some cases.
The greatest strength of the 1125R is the readily available and very practical low- and mid-range bang. It's this kind of usable power that will bail most riders out from poor gear selection or wrong entry speed, salvaging the corner and their ego at the same time.